Modernt & samtida
To be sold at Uppsala Auktionskammare’s Important Sale: Modern & Contemporary 18-19 November 2020
Lot 581 Victor Vasarely (Hungary/France 1906‑1997). ”TER-UR-3”. Signed Vasarely and signed and dated Vasarely 1983 on reverse. Acrylic on canvas, 94 x 58.5 cm.
300.000 – 400.000 SEK
€ 29.000 – 39.000
A Swedish Private Collection, acquired by the present owner in 1988.
The Hungarian born Victor Vasarely became famous during his lifetime through his ability to distinguish himself from contemporary art, with the creation of a new movement called optical art. Unlike some artists, Vasarely did not always know that he was to become one. Throughout his early life, he found himself more drawn towards the sciences than the arts; an interest that encouraged him to apply for the University of Budapest’s School of Medicine where he studied for two years. The formal scientific training provided him with a strong sense of scientific method and objectivity. When he made his life-changing decision to pursue a career in art instead of medicine a few years later, he was probably not aware of that his first years of studies would prove to be very useful even within his artistry. His further studies at Muhely, known as the Bauhaus of Budapest, led him to discover constructivism and abstract art. Artists like Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee and Walter Gropius became important role models for the young Vasarely as they introduced him to the formal and geometrical style of art. A theory that the sciences had reached the limits of what could be explained began to take form, and the answer according to Vasarely was to combine science with art so that the scientific models could be visually comprehensible.
In the early decades of the 1900’s, many artists including Vasarely moved to Paris. His artworks from his early years in the city were very graphical and laid the foundation for his further development towards a more optical form of art. He brought together objects of varying size and scale with richly coloured backgrounds of rhomboids, and experimented with the chequered design. The instant pattern and the appearance of depth despite the absence of a subject introduced Vasarely to the vibrating effect of combining geometrical patterns. This revelation had a significant impact on his artistry and can be considered to be a precursor to his later optical art. He made his first paintings in the 1940’s, first in black and white and later in colour. They presented geometric abstractions that evolved into an optical phenomenon, a development from his graphic period that was very successful. The movement from paintings that evolved from representational images to abstract works composed entirely of geometric shapes occurred only a few years later.
Soon he began to support ideas of art as something less individualistic and more collective, a theory that would follow him throughout his career. For the artist himself it was of great importance that the art he produced could be mass produced and affordable for everyone. In this way, he believed that the art would benefit all of society. The invention of the Plastic Alphabet, built on the idea of a universal language understandable by all previously introduced by abstract artists earlier in the century, in the 1960’s changed the former perception of art as a subjective matter. In the artists own words he combined “two geometric elements that fit one into the other, that come together, that switch places” and together with the contrasting colours, the artist was able to make illusions appear. During this period he further developed his sense of perspective, shape, material and lines and was even then widely honoured by his work in the Op Art style.
Presented in this sale is a stunning work from 1983, belong to his later series of optical art. Further studying the relationship between the change of forms and illusions, “TER-UR-3” is composed with earthy tones of green, orange and brown against a strikingly blue background. Backgrounds in contrasting colours appear frequently in his oeuvre from the 1980’s, which evokes the feeling of an infinite universe. At this time, Vasarely was at the peak of his career. The Fondation Vasarely in Aix-en-Provence and the Vasarely Museum in Hungary opened in 1976, and in 1987 another Vasarely Museum opened in Budapest, Hungary.
This work gives an opportunity to acquire an intriguing optical composition from Vasarely’s later period, never before offered at auction.